For pickling you can use a variety of vinegars, like: malt, wine or cider. The most used vinegar for pickling is malt vinegar, which has spices added, but you can make your own pickling vinegar by steeping spices of your choice in the vinegar for a month or two before you will use it. The proportions are of about 30 grams of mixed spices per liter of vinegar. You can try a mixture of cinnamon, cloves, mace, allspice and peppercorns or you can flavor the vinegar with springs of fresh herbs. Strain the spices or herbs out before you use the vinegar for pickling. You can also add mustard seeds and peppercorns or even dried chili peppers to the jars of pickles.
For best results on pickles you should always choose young, unblemished vegetables or fruits and clean and cut to a suitable size while fresh. For chutneys you can try all sorts of combinations of vegetables and fruits, depending on your imagination and taste.
Always sterilize the jars before you use them and make sure the metal lids are plastic coated or use wax paper under the lid, else the acid vinegar will corrode the metal. Put the lids on tightly and store the jars in a cool, dark place.