Lenten roses (Helleborus orientalis) are evergreen, herbaceous perennials that wear saucer-shaped flowers from late winter to mid spring. Their flowers can be white, cream, green, pink and deep maroon-red, sometimes marked with attractively darker spots or flecks.
Snowflakes (Leucojum aestivum) are bulbous plants that flower from early spring, as soon as the snow melts until late spring, wearing small, bell-shaped, white with a green or yellow spot at the end of each petal. They like moist, well-conditioned soil. Plant the bulbs at 10 cm deep in autumn.
Lungworts (Pulmonaria saccharata) are herbaceous perennials that wear pink flowers from early to late spring. The leaves are arranged in rosettes of silver-spotted leaves that persist all winter. Remove old leaves after flowering. They prefer light to moderate shade and need moist soil for their foliage to look its best. They can be propagate by division in autumn or from seeds.
Bleeding heart (Dicentra) are herbaceous perennials with arching stems, grown for their delicate, blue-grey, ferny foliage that appears in spring and for their two-tone pink flowers that provide a show from mid spring to summer. They are easy to propagate to form a carpet by dividing the rhizomes in early spring.
Venus navelwort (Omphalodes linifolia) are biennials that flower from mid spring, wearing tiny white or off-white flowers. Sow them in well-drained soil in summer to have in bloom next spring. Their name come from the seedpods shape that resemble tummy buttons.
Leopard’s bane (Doronicum) is a herbaceous perennial that wear wide, yellow daisy flowers, from mid spring to early summer. It needs a well drained soil, else it has a tendency rot away during winter. It can be used as spring bedding. It can be propagate by dividing large plants in spring or early autumn.
Wallflower (Erysimum Bowles Mauve) is an evergreen perennial that bear purple flowers from spring into summer. It needs a well-drained, slightly alkaline soil. To keep it in good shape you need to trim it after flowering. Propagate from cuttings in spring.
Columbine or granny’s bonnet (Aquilegia vulgaris) are herbaceous perennial that can be easily raised from spring-sown seeds. They will start to flower in their second year of life, in late spring. Once established they will seed around. They wear spurred flowers that resemble in shape to an old-fashioned bonnet. The color of their flowers are shades of pink and purple. You can also find varieties with double flowers or bright yellow foliage.
Variegated honesty or Judas silverpenningars (Lunaria annua variegata) are biennials that flower during late spring and wear pink flowers. Sow them in early summer for have them in flower next late spring. They also produce nice disc-shaped green pods that turn whitish-silver in autumn and persist all winter.
Crown imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) is a bulbous plant that wear bell-shaped, orange or yellow flowers, crowned by a tuft of leafy bracts starting from late spring. It needs a well-drained soil and a place in full sun for best growth. After flowering and complete drying of the leaves, you should cut off the stems just above the ground. Plant their large bulbs at 20 cm deep during autumn.