Toad lily (Tricyrtis formosana) is a woodland perennial that originate in Taiwan. It grows well in the dappled shade between trees, forming good clumps. The flowers are exotic, star-shaped, white or palest pink, spotted with purple-red and appear from mid summer to mid autumn. The soil need to be fertile and conditioned with leaf mould. To propagate this plant lift, divide and replant the rhizomes in early spring.
Coneflower or Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida var. salivation Goldsturm) is a compact, long-lived perennial that requires low maintenance and thrives in full sun to partial shade. It tolerates clay soils and mild droughts, but grows best in well-drained, consistently moist soil. It blooms from late summer to early autumn, wearing daisy like flowers, golden-yellow, that look lovely in the golden light of autumn. To propagate this plant divide rhizomatous clumps in autumn or spring.
Japanese anemone (Anemone x hybrida Honorine Jobert) is a vigorous branching perennial with robust foliage that has large white flowers, each with a central boss of gold stamens that open from late summer to mid autumn. They grow well in average, medium wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade but will grow best in part shade with protection from wind. Prefers consistently moist, hummus rich soils with good drainage. Soils must not be allowed to dry out. Plant them during autumn in moist soil enriched with organic matter and allow plants to establish into fine clumps. Avoid moving the plant since it resents disturbance. Where necessary lift and divide congested colonies in early spring.
Italian starwort (Aster amellus King George) is a perennial with green foliage and many large, daisy-shaped, violet-blue flowers with contrasting, golden-yellow centers that open from late summer to mid autumn. They will grow well in partial shade and moist, fertile, well-drained soils. Propagate them by rooting basal cuttings in spring or by division in spring or autumn.
Obedient plant (Physostegia virginiana) is a herbaceous perennial plant that flower from late summer to mid autumn, bearing tubular, pinkish-purple flowers one on top of the other. They will grow well in a moist, fertile soil. If you want to propagate them sow seeds in autumn or spring or divide the plant while is in its dormant period. Transplant seedlings when they are large enough to handle into 7.5 cm pots and grow on in a cold frame then plant out the following spring at 60 cm apart in a place in full sun or part shade.
Gladiolus callianthus is a frost-tender, late summer or autumn flowering bulbous plant that has iris like foliage and pendulous, fan-shaped flowers in clusters on long stalks. The flowers are flagrant, white with dark maroon markings inside. If you live in a cool area lift, dry and store corms in a frost-free place over the winter period. Plant them in spring, 10-15 cm deep in groups for an elegant effect.
Ice plant (Sedum spectabile) is a perennial succulent with star-shaped pink flowers that open in late summer and autumn and keep the old flower heads on until midwinter. It will thrive even on poor, drought-prone soils and can tolerate hot, dry sites, but doesn’t like soil that is waterlogged or too much shade. To propagate it lift, divide and replant in spring or autumn. Its flowers are highly attractive to butterflies and bees.
Red hot poker (Kniphofia rooperi) is a robust perennial with sword-like, arching, dark green leaves and flowers that bloom in early to late autumn. The flowers are egg-shaped, orange-red and become orange-yellow as they fade. Grow them in deep, fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained, preferably sandy soil in a place in full sun. Divide established clumps in spring to obtain new plants.
Nerine bowdenii are bulbous plants that wear very late display of rich flowers like elegant pink lilies from early to late autumn. Plant bulbs into well-drained soil during spring, in a sunny place or site along the base of a sunny wall for protection if you have an exposed garden. Divide them after flowering to obtain more plants.