Friday , November 16 2018

Propagate Orchids

Orchids can be propagate from cuttings, by division or from seeds. There are six main techniques used to propagate orchids: division, back bulbs, keiki, aerial cuttings, meristem or tissue culture and seed. Vegetative propagation methods are the easiest and by this methods can be produced offsprings that are identical to the parent plant.

The simplest cuttings are small plants called keiki that appear from the nodes on stems of some monopodial orchids. They first develop leaves but as soon as they have developed few roost they should be cut from the parent plant with a sharp knife and potted into standard orchid compost. Water them sparingly and mist the leaves until the roost have established.

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Tradescantia Image

Tradescantia is one of the most common indoor plant the grow very fast and is available in different color combination of the lives from green with white, yellow, purple, pink, violet or cream stripes. It is also called Wandering Jew.

They enjoy a not such a sunny room, with filtered light. Pot in loamless or loam-base potting compost. Water moderately in growth period and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every 4 weeks. Water sparkly in winter.

Tradescantia Image Tradescantia Image

Repot Tradescantia al least every 2 years in a bit bigger pot. Place the pot on a suspended shelf so you can admire its pendent shape. If you like you can sustain the plant with wires and direct it to grow on the direction you want, or you can let it form a real curtain on the wall where you hanged it. You can also choose to give to Tradescantia a bushy shape. In this case you have to pinch growing tips to encourage bushiness.

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Coleus Image

Solenostemon is also known as Coleus, Flame nettle or Painted nettle. They have beautiful colorful leaves. The light to dark green leaves can be freckled or banded with pink, red, yellow, purple, brown or creamy white. In warmers regions this can be grown as bedding plant, but in colder regions it is grown in pots, indoor or in a temperate greenhouse.

Even it can be grown from seeds sown in spring and early summer, it is much easier to propagate the Solenostemon by rooting softwood cuttings at almost any time of the year. Using a sharp, clean knife cut healthy short-noded cuttings about 10-15 cm long from a healthy and vigorous plant. Cut carefully each stem just above a node. Trim each cutting below a node and then remove the lower leaves to obtain a length of clean stem at the base.

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pothos image

Golden Pothos or Devil's Ivy, on its botanical name known as Epipremnum aureus or Scindapsus aureus is a very hardy indoor evergreen, root-clinging climber. Their climbing or trailing habit makes them extremely decorative and useful in a variety of settings so they are perfect to be grown in hanging baskets or as free standing specimens supported on a moss pole.

It is a fleshy climber known for its waxy green or yellow-marbled heart-shaped leaves. It likes a place in medium to bright indirect sunlight. Under high light conditions such as glasshouses, leaves become predominately yellow an in too much shade the variegation will fade and the plant will become completely green and new leaves become much smaller. Out of its stem grows aerial roots which allow the plant to develop best if you give the plant a moss pole to cling to. A good help is misting the pole occasionally to make sure you have a much healthier plant.

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Ficus Benjamina

Ficus benjamina image

Weeping fig - Ficus benjamina is one of the most popular houseplants that is grown specially for its very decorative shiny, green oval leaves, it can be prune to almost any shape and size, grown as an evergreen tree or large shrub in offices and used for interior landscaping. Cultivars are available with variegated foliage, wavy leaves and pendulous branches. Weeping fig stems are often trained in ornamental shapes, while the stems are young and flexible they may be braided, spiraled or twisted into different shapes.

They can grow as tall as the indoor space will allow, but they can easily be pruned to a suitable height and shape. These indoor trees are generally easy to grow if you give them enough light and proper care. Weeping figs grow best in a bright indirect or curtain-filtered sunlight position, but they will handle some direct sun if the humidity is high. Variegated cultivars grow best in somewhat lower light. Weeping figs prefer warm temperatures, in the night 18-21 Celsius degrees (65-70 F) and over the day 24-26 Celsius degrees (75-85 F) are ideal temperatures.

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Dracaena Image

One of the foliage plant that we use to grow indoor for its nice, striking architectural structure. Having its origin in Canary Island and tropical Africa, this plant produce lance to strap-shaped, leathery, glossy leaves which are spirally arranged, 30-45 cm long, just green or variegated.

Dracaena is an evergreen shrub, but as it grow it will form a trunk and will start to look like a tree. If you keep it as a houseplant, it will be a nice change for it, if you will take it outside over the summer.

Dracaena enjoy a loam-based compost but with a good drainage. Keep it in full light but with shade from hot sun and moderate humidity. The green-leaved specimens will tolerate slightly lower light levels.

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Croton Image

Croton is one of the most colorful evergreen shrub that we grow indoor. Also known as Codiaeum, this plant has its origin in Malaysia and the larger islands in the Est Pacific. It is grown for its decorative foliage.

The leaves are alternate, linear to broadly ovate, simple or shallowly to deeply lobed, often variegated leaves. They reach all the possible colors that a leaf can get, from the brightest green and yellow to the deepest green and red. They change the foliage colors while they mature. There are never two leaves that look the same on a plant and this is why Croton is so attractive.

When is getting colder or too hot in the summer, Croton will produce tiny, star-shaped yellow flowers in axillary racemes. They don't play part in the decorative role of Croton.

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chlorophytum image

Chlorophytum, one of the most common indoor plant for its decorative leaves, is a genus of about 250 species of evergreen, rhizomatous perennials. The most common specie is Chlorophytum comosum also known as Ribbon plant or Spider plant. They have linear-lace-shaped, fresh green leaves or with white margins for Varegatum variety or with white or cream central stripes for Vittatum variety.

In summer they bear arching racemes or panicles of tiny, 6-petalled white flowers and produce plantlets. The flower then will produce seeds that you can sow at 18-20 Celsius degrees (64-68 F) in spring.

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Sweet Orange


Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) is a compact, evergreen tree, grown for its edible fruits. It  can grow up to 9 m tall and 7.5 m wide and might tolerate some light frosts. It is probably the most popular of all citrus trees. The leaves are elliptical to oblong-ovate, up to 10 cm long, with narrowly-winged petioles. The flowers are white, sweetly scented, hermaphrodite - have both male and female organs and appear in clusters at the tips of the branches. The plant is self-fertile. The fruits are round or ovoid, orange to reddish-orange in color. The juicy flesh is orange and fairly acid and can contain few or many seeds.

If you live in a cold area you can grow sweet orange trees in a greenhouse or indoors, as they make excellent container plants because their size can be easily controlled with container size and selective pruning.

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Sour Orange


Sour Orange (Citrus Aurantium), also known as bitter orange, Seville orange, bigarade orange or marmalade orange, is an evergreen, spiny  tree that grows up to 9 m high by 6 m wide, having a compact, rounded top. It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender, yet it can stand several degrees of frost for short periods. Dormant plants can withstand temperatures down to about -6 Celsius degrees (21 F) so long as this is preceded by cool weather in order to harden off the plant. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun.

It has smooth, brown bark, green twigs, angular when young and flexible, not very sharp and thorns of 2.5-8 cm long. It is in leaf all year, bearing ovate leaves that are fragrant when crushed. It flowers from mid spring to early summer. The hermaphrodite flowers are highly fragrant, borne singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils. The plant is self-fertile. The fruits are round, oblate or oblong-oval, orange or reddish-orange with a rind that is rough, strong scented and bitter. The fruits have 10-12 sections and the pulp is acid, containing from a few to numerous seeds.

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