The simplest and the most used design is the form of a cartwheel. This is bedded into the soil with a different herb planted in each segment. This type of design looks more impressive when they are viewed from above. So if you choose this design, make sure you find a place for it so it may be overlooked from an upper window or a slope. Also you should try to use plants that have the same growing rhythm and not ones that grow tall or invasive because this will spoil the rest of the design when the plants are fully grown. If you need to plant herb that grow tall then is better to position them around the bed edges where they will not swamp neighboring plants.
A formal garden with paths require more work initially but it will soon look mature and will need little structural maintenance. The gardens that include frameworks of dwarf hedges that require regular clipping may be the ones that are most time-consuming. The hedging of those gardens may outline the design or take on the complex shapes of a knot garden. If you want to create this design than you may want to know that the most suitable plants for dwarf hedges include: hyssop, lavender, box, germander and winter savory. You will have to plant them 22-30 cm apart to make sure they will look at their best when fully grown.
This kind of design depends for its success upon the complementary habits and colors of the herbs that are used to create it. The most effective plants for a design like this are the ones with variegated and colored leaves like golden marjoram and purple sage. For a good look try to plant together plant with green and gold leaves or purple with silver leaves.
This is the kind of design where you are free to use together plants with different heights and habits to create a nice, balanced effect. Use tall pants to add a striking effect to your design and colorful ones to add harmony and richness to the overall impression. That is why this design is mostly liked, because it allows you to experiment with a large variety of combinations according to your imagination and taste.
Like any garden, the first step is the plan. Draw a plan according to your measurements, taking in consideration the surrounding features and any changes in level that occur in the site where to chose to plant your herb garden and also where the shadows will fall over the seasons.
It doesn’t matter what type of design you choose for your herb garden, but you must remember that herbs should be within arm’s reach for an easy harvesting. Always provide access to all the plants by paths or stepping stones to ease your way though and to not walk on the plants soil as this could lead to soil compaction.
The best way to draw you plan is to transfer the measurements to squared paper, working to scale then draw few different designs on tracing paper laid over the master plan and see which of the designs you like best. Finally choose your herbs and decide where to plant them according to their cultivation requirements, habit, color, height, spread and also according to your harvesting needs, and mark them on your plan.
A final touch can be added in your herb garden with herbs grown in containers in order to add focal points or to fill empty spaces.