Sunday , June 25 2017

Quinces

They require a moisture-retentive, slightly acidic soil and a place in reasonably sunny, sheltered placed. A perfect place will be near a wall, especially in cold regions, where the wall will provide some protection from hard frosts. If you have bare-root quinces plant them in autumn or in winter, or if they are container-grown you can plant them throughout the year. Space them approximately 4-4.5 m apart. Even generally quinces are self-fertile it is best to have some quinces around to improve pollination and cropping levels.

 

Once established, quinces need little attention. In poor soils, occasional feeding, watering and mulching may be necessary to improve the quince development. On established trees pruning is also minimal. Occasional thinning in winter of old and overcrowded growth may be necessary but bushes may be left to grow into multi-stemmed trees. You can prune and train the bush in the early stages as for apple bushes with an open-centered, well-spaced branch framework. When pruning, remember that quinces fruit on spurs and on the tips of the previous summer growth.

 

Pick the fruits when their skins have turned from green to gold, usually this is happening in late autumn. Store the fruits in boxes in a cool, well-ventilated, dark place. Do not store them close to other fruits because there is a risk of contaminating them with their strong aroma. Do not wrap the quinces because if they are stored in plastic bags they will discolor internally. You can also use them in preserves. They make a delicious jelly.

Propagate quince trees by chip-budding onto “Quince A” rootstocks in summer or by taking hardwood cuttings in autumn. “Quince A” is normally used as a rootstock but where trees are grown on their own roots, suckering may be difficult to control.

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Pomegranates

Pomegranates (Punica granatum) form small and ornamental trees or shrubs that will grow up to 2-3 m tall and 1-1.5 m wide. In warm climates they are evergreen but in cooler climates they are deciduous. For growing pomegranates as ornamental trees you will need an optimum temperature range of 18-25 Celsius degrees (64-77) but it might tolerate for short periods temperatures just below freezing. For having them fruiting they will need dry weather and high temperatures, ideally around 35 Celsius degrees (96 F). The globular fruits are up to 10 cm in diameter with leathery, yellow or red skins.

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