Friday , August 18 2017

Tangelo

Tangelo vary in size between a tangerine and a grapefruit, but in general it has the size of a medium to large orange. This member of the citrus family is known for the juice that it provides as a ripe tangelo is filled with much more juice than pulp. Less acidic and sweeter than a pomelo, the flesh of the tangelo is juicy and tasty. The skin of the tangelo is more resistant than that of the tangerine, but they generally have loose skin and are easier to peel than oranges and the segments can be easily separated. Tangelo distinguishes from oranges by the characteristic “nipple” at the stem.

Tangelos grow best in a well-drained, light sandy soil. Evergreen in warm areas, tangelos are sensitive to frost so they will need winter protection if the temperatures in your area go under -6 Celsius degrees (20 F). Water young tangelo trees once a week during the first growing season and then as often as necessary to prevent the surrounding soil from drying completely. Fertilize tangelo trees annually in the early spring.

Tangelos have few to no seeds, depending on how it is grown. If grown in a block of just Minneolas, fruits will be seedless, but if grown near other tangerine or tangelo varieties it will have some seeds as it is exposed to cross-pollination. If the fruits are left too long on the tree, the next crop has a tendency to yield less fruit.

Tangelo fruits tend to be relatively more delicate and are more prone to damage when handling than oranges or grapefruit. A tangelo will keep a few days at room temperature but, for longer storage keep tangelos in a cool place or in the fruit drawer of your refrigerator. When buying tangelos, choose fruits that are heavy for thier size, with firm skin that is free of spots and bruises.

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Sour Orange

Sour Orange (Citrus Aurantium), also known as bitter orange, Seville orange, bigarade orange or marmalade orange, is an evergreen, spiny  tree that grows up to 9 m high by 6 m wide, having a compact, rounded top. It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender, yet it can stand several degrees of frost for short periods. Dormant plants can withstand temperatures down to about -6 Celsius degrees (21 F) so long as this is preceded by cool weather in order to harden off the plant. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun.

It has smooth, brown bark, green twigs, angular when young and flexible, not very sharp and thorns of 2.5-8 cm long. It is in leaf all year, bearing ovate leaves that are fragrant when crushed. It flowers from mid spring to early summer. The hermaphrodite flowers are highly fragrant, borne singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils. The plant is self-fertile. The fruits are round, oblate or oblong-oval, orange or reddish-orange with a rind that is rough, strong scented and bitter. The fruits have 10-12 sections and the pulp is acid, containing from a few to numerous seeds.

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