Saturday , September 23 2017
sour-orange-leaves

Sour Orange

sour-orange-leaves sour-orange-flower sour-orange image

Sour orange is used mainly as root stock for other citrus trees. The fruits are too acid to be edible, but  they are used in the manufacture of marmalade, the peel oil is used in the liqueur curaçao, the peel and flower oils and the oils from the green twigs are used in perfumery.

The plant prefers a moist but well-drained soil, moderately heavy loam with a generous amount of compost and sand added, acid or neutral, and a place in full sun as it cannot grow in the shade. They are also intolerant of water logging.

If you live in a cold area you can still grow sour orange in a pot that is placed outdoors in the summer and brought into a greenhouse during the winter. Plants dislike root disturbance and so should be placed into their permanent positions when young. If you grow them in pots, take care when potting them on into larger containers. When growing sour orange in pots use a compost comprising equal quantities of loam and leaf mold plus a little charcoal for good results. It is important to neither over-water or underwater plants in pots since the plant will soon complain by turning yellow and dying. Water only when the compost is almost dry, but do not allow it to become completely dry.

Propagate sour orange by sowing seeds in a greenhouse as soon as the fruits are ripe after thoroughly rinsing them. Sow stored seed in early spring in a greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within 2-3 weeks at 13 Celsius degrees (55.5 F). Seedlings are liable to damp off so they must be watered with care and kept well ventilated. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least three growing seasons before trying them outdoors. Plant them out in the summer and offer them some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors. You can also try to propagate them by taking cuttings of half-ripe wood in mid to late summer, in a frame or by layering in mid autumn.

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Sweet Orange

Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) is a compact, evergreen tree, grown for its edible fruits. It  can grow up to 9 m tall and 7.5 m wide and might tolerate some light frosts. It is probably the most popular of all citrus trees. The leaves are elliptical to oblong-ovate, up to 10 cm long, with narrowly-winged petioles. The flowers are white, sweetly scented, hermaphrodite - have both male and female organs and appear in clusters at the tips of the branches. The plant is self-fertile. The fruits are round or ovoid, orange to reddish-orange in color. The juicy flesh is orange and fairly acid and can contain few or many seeds.

If you live in a cold area you can grow sweet orange trees in a greenhouse or indoors, as they make excellent container plants because their size can be easily controlled with container size and selective pruning.

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