Friday , December 14 2018


Pomelo (Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis) is a crisp citrus fruit native to South and Southeast Asia. An alternative name for pomelo is shaddock. The pomelo fruit is the largest of all citrus fruits, measuring 15-25 cm in diameter and weighing 1-2 kg. The pomelo tree is an evergreen which can grow up to 15m height and 10m wide. Wearing the biggest fruits of all the citrus trees it also has the largest leaves among all citrus. When in bloom it bears large flowers of 3-7 cm in diameter, either single or in small clusters, with cream colored petals.

The pomelo fruit is usually pale green to yellow when ripe, with a very thick, spongy rind and a sweetish yellow or pink flesh hold in large pulp vesicles. It tastes like a sweet, mild grapefruit. It has very little or none of the common grapefruit’s bitterness, but the enveloping membranous material around the segments is bitter, considered inedible and thus usually discarded.

Pomelos are usually grafted onto other citrus rootstocks, but they can be grown from seeds. Make sure that the seeds are not allowed to dry out before planting. The seedlings take about eight years to start blooming and yielding fruits. Having its origin in tropical and near-tropical climates, it prefers hot and humid atmosphere.

At maturity the fruits are hand picked and can be stored for several months. The fruits are eaten fresh or used to make juice. Fruit pulp is also used in salads or together with yogurt . The peel is used to make marmalade, or it can be candied and sometimes dipped in chocolate.

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Sour Orange

Sour Orange (Citrus Aurantium), also known as bitter orange, Seville orange, bigarade orange or marmalade orange, is an evergreen, spiny  tree that grows up to 9 m high by 6 m wide, having a compact, rounded top. It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender, yet it can stand several degrees of frost for short periods. Dormant plants can withstand temperatures down to about -6 Celsius degrees (21 F) so long as this is preceded by cool weather in order to harden off the plant. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun.

It has smooth, brown bark, green twigs, angular when young and flexible, not very sharp and thorns of 2.5-8 cm long. It is in leaf all year, bearing ovate leaves that are fragrant when crushed. It flowers from mid spring to early summer. The hermaphrodite flowers are highly fragrant, borne singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils. The plant is self-fertile. The fruits are round, oblate or oblong-oval, orange or reddish-orange with a rind that is rough, strong scented and bitter. The fruits have 10-12 sections and the pulp is acid, containing from a few to numerous seeds.

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