Don’t forget about your alpines if you have some in your garden. They need protection from winter frosts and cold rain or snow. Use cloches to protect them or use individual cover for each plant using a sheet of glass supported on wood or wire legs.
If snow is abundant knock it off from the trees branches and shrubs to prevent damage. If the frost is hard, avoid walking on lawns or pruning fruit trees, don’t let ice to form on the surface of concrete ponds, firm back round the plants the soil that has been raised by frost and use extra protection for tender plants or shrubs in container if you don’t have a greenhouse.
Now is time to improve your garden soil if the soil is nor waterlogged or frozen. Dig over borders and vegetable plots taking care not to damage any emerging bulbs when digging over borders soil. Improve drainage or heavy, wet soils by mixing in generous quantities of gravel or sharp grit. Add also compost or well-rotted manure in the top layer for all type of soil. If you want to expand your cultivated area you have to dig the soil twice the depth of your spade or fork to make sure you break up the soil below and add a generous quantity of compost as this will feed the worms, increase the humus content and improve the drainage of the new cultivated soil.