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There are three types of roses available on the market that you can plant in your garden: bare-root roses, packed roses and container-grown roses. The best time to plant bare-root roses is in their dormant period from late autumn to early winter. Early spring is also a good time to plant in areas that suffer from bad winters. Bare-root roses are in a semi-dormant or dormant state and their roots are virtually clean of soil. You should plant those roses as soon as possible after you buy them.

Remove any diseased or damaged growth, trim any thick roots by about one third, dig the planting hole in a prepared bed and add half a bucketful of organic compost mixed with some general fertilizer into the bottom of the hole. Place the rose in the center of the hole and spread out the roots.

Lay a cane over the hole to check that the bud union is about 2,5 cm below soil level. Fill the hole with soil firming well with your hands. Lightly tread down the surrounding soil, rake over the soil and water well.

Planting Roses

Packed roses are somehow similar to the bare-root roses except that they are having some soil around their roots. You can choose to plant them with or without the package as long as this is made of paper, because this will decompose in the soil and will provoke less shock when planting.

Container-grown roses have the best chance to survive and they can be planted at any time of the year as long as the weather conditions are suitable. You can chose to keep them outdoor in their container but take care to not risk exposing them to prolonged frost as the roots in the containers may suffer some damage in very cold conditions.

There are different ways to plant roses: plant them in a row to form a hedge, plant them close together to form a bush, or plant as a single rose for a focal point. When planting roses for a hedge you have to consider a 1-1,2 m distance between them so that, when mature, the branches intermingle to form an effective screen. For a denser hedge plant roses in a staggered formation in two rows that are 45-60 cm apart.

Planting a climbing rose or a rambler is a bit different because you have to plant it against a wall or a fence at an angle of about 45 degrees so that the shoots reach the lowest support wire. Use canes to guide the shorter shoots towards the wires. Tie all the shoots to the canes or wires with plastic straps. Take care not to tighten the straps too much around the rose’s stamps because they need space to grow. You can choose to plant a rambler rose by a tree but is essential to choose a vigorous tree because many of ramblers as they grow are achieving a considerable weight.

Tree-like roses need to be plant no deeper than the soil mark to keep suckering to a minimum. This kind of roses need a stake placed on the side of the prevailing wind, to support it. Position the stake in the hole so that the rose stem will be in the center. Drive the stake into the ground just to make sure that the top is just bellow the head of the rose. Place the rose in the hole, feel the hole with soil, firm well and water. Use a rose tie just below the head of the rose and another one halfway up the stem to attach the rose to the stake.

In temperate climates all roses need protection if is a bad winter. Pack the crowns of tree-like roses with straw or bracken, loosely tied in place with twine. If is a very bad winter protect the roots of the tree-like roses and bush roses also by covering them with straw or spruce fir branches. Do not use plastic folio because of the danger of rotting. Remove the protection only in spring.

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Prepare to Plant Roses

To avoid problems with routine care after you plant your roses it is best to follow some simple principle at the planting stage. Observe correct planting distances and depths, handle the roots carefully and provide proper support where necessary. If the soil is too wet, frozen or too dry for the roots to adjust easily to the soil then you should delay the planting for a few days.

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