When deciding to have a lawn area in your garden you should consider that it needs regular maintenance to ensure its health and to keep its attractive appearance. The amount of attention required depends on the lawn size and type as well as the site and climate. Basic regular maintenance is mowing and watering, but you can help your lawn to be in good shape by fertilizing, top-dressing and aerating it and where necessary, controlling moss, weeds, pests and diseases. If your lawn area is a big one you should consider using mechanical or powered tools. These will to make your maintenance tasks easier and faster.
A short list of basic tasks will help you keep your lawn in good shape all-over the year. If done correctly and at the right time, these tasks will consume only a short amount of time and effort, and your lawn will look at its best.
Annual maintenance programme
Early to mid spring – start the first mowing of the season, roll before mowing if the turf if lifted by frost, recut lawn edges if they are damaged and carry out any restoration work if required.
Mid to late spring – as time gets warmer you should start mowing weekly your lawn. Set the mower to summer cut height. If weather is dry, watering may be needed. Give your lawn a little help by applying a spring fertilizer. Lightly scarify and apply lawn sand in place of spring feed if moss is present. Brush away worm casts on the lawn if any.
Early to mid summer – if weather is nice and your lawn is growing well, mow 1-3 times a week as required and water as necessary. Give your lawn now a summer fertilizer to help it grow strong and apply a weedkiller if needed.
Mid to late summer – keep mowing your lawn 1-3 times a week but set the mower higher in dry periods. To maintain your lawn growing healthy water it well over dry periods. Spike or silt areas subject to heavy wear. If you did not applied a weedkiller in early summer you can still do it now.
Early to mid autumn – as weather gets colder the growing rate of your lawn will slow down so you will need to raise the height of cut. If the weather is dry apply occasionally watering. Also apply an autumn fertilizer that will make your lawn strong and help it survive through the winter. Scarify and aerate lawn, or hollow tine to remove thatch. Apply a weedkiller and treat moss with lawn sand. Apply pesticide and fungicides as necessary. Top-dress the lawn after autumn renovation.
Mid to late autumn – set the mower to winter cut height. You can aerate your lawn if you have not done this in early autumn. If your lawn area is under trees, make sure you remove the fallen leaves as soon as possible from the lawn to avoid its deterioration because the lack of light.
Winter – if the weather is nice and there is new growth of your lawn you can lightly mow it. Remove any remained leaves. Service your tools now to have them in good shape when the new season starts.