Saturday , July 22 2017
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Know Your Garden

Outdoor Nursery Beds

New plants and seedlings in containers can be grown on in an outdoor nursery bed after they have been hardened off. You can arrange this area by covering an area of cleared and levelled ground with water-permeable woven fabric, black polypropylene or weed matting. Any of these will suppress weeds and will provide a clean growing environment isolating the plants placed on its surface from soil-borne diseases.

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Hardening off the Propagated Plants

One of the most important thing you must consider when you propagate plants is that they need to be harden off before they are planted into the garden in their final position. Hardening the plants is the process by which the young plants are acclimatized to the outside air temperatures.

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Frost and Wind Protection

In cold climates, most tender plants and not very hardy ones will need protection from frost and wind in order to survive the cold season. It is best to select the plants that you are growing to grow in your garden so that they will thrive in your climate. If you are planning to grow very tender plants in a cold climate will end in disappointment as they will not survive the hard conditions of the cold winters. They will need to be grown under cover in order to survive. For some of the not very hardy plants that normally do well in a site but may suffer in harsh winters, providing protection against wind and frost over the cold period is a necessary precaution for them to survive.

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Storage Organs

Many plants will reproduce themselves by their storage organs. The storage organs very and have diverse structures: bulbs, corms, rhizomes, root and stem tubers and turions. Most of the plants with storage organs will increase naturally by producing offsets. These should be lifted and divided to prevent overcrowding. The advantage of this type of propagation is that offsets will flower more quickly than seed-raised plants and the new plants will be identical with the parent plant, while seed-raised plants may vary in character from the mother plant.

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Mulches

In the garden, mulches are used to improve plant growth. They regulate soil temperature by keeping plant roots warm in winter and cool in summer, they reduce water loss from the soil surface around the plants and they help to discourage weed seeds from germinating by preventing light from reaching them. This is done with organic and inorganic mulches. The mulch should be spread around a small or medium-sized plant to the full extent of the foliage canopy.

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Watering Aids

If you are going to grow plants that require more water than is provided by the rainfall or to grow plants indoors and in the greenhouse, you need to irrigate these plants. Simple equipment such as hoses and sprinklers makes watering routine easier and faster.

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Water Conservation and Recycling

In hot weather our garden plants need watering, so we should conserve and collect water for this task as much as possible in order to make the job affordable. Water conservation in our garden begins with choosing the right plants for our garden soil and climatic conditions. The appropriate plants must then be planted in well-prepared soil. To reduce the need of supplementary watering we should first improve our garden soil by incorporating as much organic matter into the ground as possible and by the use of mulches.

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Watering Techniques

The purpose of watering is to recharge the soil with water so that reserves will be sufficient to last until the next watering or rainfall. Make sure you always water thoroughly so that water is available deep in the soil. Frequently applying a little water is of limited value because most of it evaporates off the soil surface before it has a chance to penetrate down to the roots of plants. Also do not water plants at a rate that causes puddling on the soil surface. This will lead to run-off and erode the soil.

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Caring for the Propagated Plants

When you propagate plants you need to know a few more thinks than just how to prepare the material properly for propagation. You must know how to care for and grow on the young plants in a suitable environment until they are sufficiently developed to thrive in the garden. You must know when is the right time for every operation you must do in order to keep your plantlets healthy. Practical inexperience or carelessness may kill well-rooted plants.

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Growing Media

There are different types of growing media, each one of them suitable for a special job. You will achieve a higher success rate if you will use the right compost for each job. There are three major types of growing media that you can find on the market: standard seed compost, standard cuttings compost and inert growing media.

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