Tuesday , December 12 2017
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Shrubs

Shrubs are defined as being woody perennials with a permanent structure above ground that unlike herbaceous perennials, does not die down in winter. In most gardens, shrubs are cultivated to provide a permanent presence throughout the seasons.
Shrubs typically produce a frame-work of branches from the base, unlike a single trunk like the trees do. There is not such a big difference between shrubs and trees as some types of shrubs may be cultivated and trained with a single trunk and some trees may be cultivated as multi-stemmed. The scale also is not making a special demarcation between trees and shrubs as long as some shrubs may grow larger than some trees.
Shrubs can be grown in groups for a massed effect, as individual specimens surrounded by low growing perennials or in grass or used as focal points in a mixed border. There are a large variety of shrubs: different shaped leaves, colorful autumn leaves, evergreens or fruity shrubs.
The size range vary from dwarfs around 20-30 cm tall, perfect for a rock garden, to much more large ones that can grow like 5-6 m tall, usually evergreen ones. Shapes vary from rounded, arching, vertical or look like an explosion of leaves and even ground cover shapes.
With this variety of shapes, sizes and different effects that shrubs can offer, they are suitable for any design or any type of garden. You will always find a type of shrub that will like the soil that you have in your garden even if is acid or alkaline, clay, sandy or well-drained. There are shrubs for every site of your garden: sunny places, sheltered or exposed, dry or moist, you can even find shrubs that can tolerate a polluted air.
For small gardens there is a limited number of shrubs that can be squeezed to fit in, but there are some that you can use to create a visual impact. For a little help we give you some examples: Brachyglottis ‘Drysdale’, Caryopteris x clandonensis ‘Heavenly Blue’, Ceratostigma willmottianumHardy plumbago, Daphne odora ‘Aureomarginata’, Exochorda x macrantha ‘The Bride’Pearl bush, Lavandula stoechas subsp. pedunculataFrench lavender, Pittosporum tenuifolium ‘Tom Thumb’, Ribes sanguineum ‘Brocklebankii’Flowering currant, Skimmia japonica ‘Rubella’, Viburnum tinus ‘Eve Price’Laurustinus.

For year-around interest you can use in your garden evergreen shrubs. Combining evergreen shrubs with different leaf colors and textures as well as flowering shrubs, you garden will preserve its interest all year-around. Some of those evergreen shrubs we have listed below: Aucuba japonicaHimalayan laurel or Spotted laurel, Choisya ternata SundanceGolden Mexican orange blossom, Cupressus macrocarpa ‘Golden Pillar’Golden Monterey cypress, Drimys lanceolataMountain pepper, Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’, Lonicera nitida ‘Baggesen’s Gold’, Mahonia x media ‘Charity’, Nandina domesticaHeavenly bamboo, Photinia x fraseri ‘Red Robin’, Rhamnus alaternus ‘Argenteovariegata’Variegated Italian buckthorn.

Spring is the most awaited season of all, the moment when you stat to plant your garden for the first colors to show and the perfume to be felt as soon as possible. Place shrubs that offer spring interest at intervals around the garden and interplant with groups of bulbs and spring-flowering herbaceous perennials. For a piece of help on choosing shrubs for spring color you might find interesting one of those: Berberis x lologensis ‘Apricot Queen’, Ceanothus ‘Puget Blue’Californian lilac, Euphorbia characias, x Ledodendron ‘Arctic Tern’, Magnolia stellata ‘Waterlily’Star magnolia, Rhododendron luteumCommon yellow azalea, Rhododendron yunnanense, Stachyurus praecox, Syringa vulgaris ‘Congo’Lilac, Viburnum carlesii ‘Diana’.

Summer is the most loved season of all. With good planting you can have a succession of colorful and interesting flowering shrub performance from spring to autumn. Choosing summer flowering shrubs and interplant between the other ones you will have a glamorous show of color. Remember to prune them at the right time to improve flower quality and to help control the shape and size. For a complete summer color dispaly you can choose one or more of the following: Buddleja x weyeriana, Deutzia x rosea, Fabiana imbricata f. violacea, Fuchsia magellanica ‘Versicolor’, Hibiscus syriacus ‘Red Heart’, Hydrangea serrata ‘Bluebird’Blue lacecap hydrangea, Kolkwitzia amabilisBeauty bush, Lavatera ‘Rosea’Tree mallow, Philadelphus ‘Virginal’Mock orange, Phygelius x rectus ‘Winchester Fanfare’Cape figwort.

Autumn is a precious season, when the lowering rays of the sun seem especially designed to illuminate glorious autumn tints and voluptuous fruits. Autumn is full of surprises. Shrubs like: Calluna vulgaris ‘Spook’Ling or Scots heather, Clerodendrum trichotomum var. fargesii, Cotinus Coggygria ‘Flame’Smoke bush, Euonymus alatusWinged spindle, Fothergilla Major, Hamamelis vernalis ‘Sandra’Ozark witch hazel, Hydrangea paniculata ‘Pink Diamond’, Rhus Typhina ‘Dissecta’, Rosa ‘Geranium’, Staphylea pinnataBladdernut, Viburnum opulusGulder rose, ensure the garden ends it’s season with an explosion of color instead of just fading out.

Winter is the last performance for your garden, but it still can be beauty if you know what to choose. To be able to enjoy flowering shrubs and dazzling stem colors in winter is a real triumph of a good planting. Even when the weather is cold you can enjoy colors in your garden if you chose from the following shrubs: Abeliophyllum distichumWhite forsythia, Acer pensylvanicum ‘Erythrocladum’Moosewood or Striped maple, Chimonanthus praecoxWintersweet, Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’Dogwood, Erica x darleyensis ‘Silberschmelze’Darley Dale heath, Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Diane’Witch hazel, Lonicera x purpusii ‘Winter Beauty’, Rhododendron ‘Olive’, Sarcococca hookeriana var. digynaChristmas box, Viburnum x bodnantense ‘Dawn’.

Planting Shrubs in Containers

As all plants, shrubs can be grown in containers. The main period for planting shrubs in containers is late summer to autumn. When you are planting a new bought shrub or transplanting one that you already have, you should choose the new container with 5 cm larger in depth and diameter than the previous one. If you are using an old container, scrub its inside surface thoroughly before filing to avoid propagation of any possible diseases that it may contain from the previous plant.

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Shrubs Successional Interest

Autumn is the perfect moment to plant shrubs in your garden, so now is the right moment to decide what to plant. When you choose what type of shrubs to plant in your garden, take account of the seasonal interest they will provide and whether it is continuous, as from evergreen foliage, or transitory, as from a burst of summer blooms. After deciding what type of shrubs you want in your garden, you need to find the right place for them. For example, a shrub with a brief period of interest will better be placed near one that reaches its peak shortly afterwards to create a changing but unbroken display.

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Planting a Hedge

A hedge is a traditional garden surround, a living boundary, more permanent than fencing but needs more space and a bit more upkeep. A hedge can provide a year-round backdrop for other plants, a dense, evergreen barrier or an informal flowering boundary, or even a neat dwarf edging to beds or paths, all depending on the type of plants you choose to use for your hedge.

When choosing the plants for your hedges always make sure the plants like the conditions in your garden. Make sure they are suitable for the soil that you have in your garden and that they will like the place that you choose for your border, in sun or shade, because they will grow in that place for many years.

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Hibiscus Syriacus

lavender-hibiscus-syriacus image

Hibiscus syriacus, the common garden Hibiscus, also called Rose of Sharon or Rose of Althea is a woody perennial, deciduous, flowering shrub that can reach 2-4 m in height. It is widely planted in areas with hot summers for its very attractive white, pink, red, lavender, or purple flowers. The flowers are large, solitary, showy, single or double and appear from mid summer to early autumn on current season's growth. Since plants bloom on new growth, shaping or pruning can be done at any time; prune in late winter or early spring in northern climates. The flowers only open in sunny weather. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects attracted by flat blossoms and nectar.

Native to India and East Asia, the national flower of Korea, it is the perfect shrub for groupings and mass plantings, to create a screen, or planted as a formal or informal hedge or in a shrub border. Standard forms may be used as small trees planted to the entranceways. It has a medium growth rate, with a narrow vase-shaped to arching growth habit, often becoming arching with age if never pruned.

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Skimmia Japonica

skimmia image

Skimmia japonica (Japanese Skimmia) is a genus of four species of slow growing evergreen shrubs and small trees, grown as garden plants for their foliage, flowers and showy red fruits. Their sizes when mature can reach 60 cm to 1.5 m high and 1-2 m wide. It makes an excellent choice near an entryway or garden path or as a foundation planting or for growing in containers placed on your patio. One of the best choice for small gardens.

The leaves are glossy green, clustered at the ends of the shoots, oblong to elliptic, 6-21 cm long and 2-5 cm broad, with a smooth margin and are aromatic when bruised.

Buds are red, followed by flowers grown in dense panicle clusters, creamy white with mild fragrance, each flower is small, 6-15 mm diameter, with 4-7 petals. The flowers appear in mid to late spring.

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Poncirus

Poncirus

Poncirus Poncirus trifoliata, known on its common name as Japanese bitter orange, is a close relative of the orange tree and can withstand northern European winters, as it can survive at -20 Celsius degrees (-4 F) even its origins are in woodlands of China and Korea.

Poncirus is a deciduous shrub that produce alternate 3-palmate, dark green leaves. This shrub is very attractive in winter, with its bare green branches filled with flower buds like impressive green thorns.

It flowers in May wearing 5-petaled flagrant white flowers, at the same time as the new light-green foliage appear. Later in summer the foliage will turn dark-green and the orange-like fruits will appear. The fruits are first green, then orange, extremely sour, inedible but very flagrant.

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Pieris Japonica

pieris japonica spring foliage

Pieris japonica also known as Japanese Pieris, Japanese Andromeda or Lily of the Valley Shrub is a multi-stemmed, medium-sized, upright to spreading broadleaf evergreen, ornamental shrub, that can grow up to 3 m tall, but often remains smaller, with a slow growing rate, with upright irregular to upright oval growth habit in youth, becoming a spreading mound growth habit with age, with somewhat tiered branching to the ground.

It is grown for its emerging bronzed foliage, dark shiny evergreen mature foliage on chartreuse stems, showy, prominent drooping panicles of floral buds that mature in late summer and are attractive in autumn and winter, opening in very late winter or early spring as pendulous clusters of slightly fragrant, urn-shaped, white, pink or red flowers, depending on the cultivar, which precede the emergence of the bronzed new foliage.

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Nandina Domestica

nandina-foliage

Nandina domestica, on its common name Heavenly bamboo or Sacred bamboo, is an evergreen or semi-evergreen woody shrub, native from India, China and Japan. The species and its dwarf varieties are often used in landscaping because of their oriental effect and distinctive appearance by their bamboo-like stalks and delicate, ferny foliage that become vividly-colored in fall. An addition to their appeal are the large, erect panicles of creamy white flowers that appear in spring and are followed by decorative bright orange-red berries in fall and winter. Is a low maintenance shrub, requiring only one pruning each year, in early spring, to control plant height and keep it in compact shape.

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Kerria Japonica

kerria image

Kerria Japonica - Japanese Yellow Rose or Jew's Mantle or also known as the Easter Rose because it seems to be in bloom every year at Easter time, from mid to late spring, wearing yellow flowers that resemble buttercups. In early spring, before the leaves emerge, the numerous yellow flowers create a colorful show, but flowers may also appear sporadically through the summer months. Each flower may last for two to three weeks.

Kerria is grown for its foliage and flowers and is suitable for a shrub border or an open position in a woodland garden. Its branches bend in every directions, so the shrub rarely exceeds 2 meters high. To keep it in good shape, prune it after flowering, preferably by cutting older branches back to the base of the shrub.

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Japanese Quince

Quince Flower Image

Chaenomeles japonica also known as Japanese quince is a genus of 3 species of deciduous shrub that grows around 3 meters high and 5 meters wide, that originate in woodland in China and Japan and wear early flowers that bring color in the early spring garden. This plant withstands frost, is fully hardy and can stands to about -25 Celsius degrees (-13 F), has hermaphrodite flowers that are pollinated by bees and then form apple-like, edible, aromatic yellow to green or purplish green fruits in the autumn.

A very ornamental plant, grow best in a shrub border or on a bank or trained against a south-facing wall. They can also be useful as ground cover or low hedging. Prefer a deep moist well-drained, fertile soil but can grow well in heavy clay soils also but may become chlorotic on very alkaline soils. Tolerates full shade but requires a sunny position for best fruit production.

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