Tuesday , December 12 2017
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Ornamental Trees

It is not easy to regard a tree as just a plant because more than any other plants, trees create a sense of permanence and maturity in a garden. Trees have their own character and they add height, structure and structural focal points. With their large and distinctive silhouettes they form an attractive contrast with the softer lines of the other plants from the garden.There is a very large variety of trees, differing in shape and form as well as in the color and texture of foliage, flower and bark. You can grow trees in many ways: from an informal woodland of hazels and birches to the most contemporary look of an avenue of copper beeches or as a single specimen like magnolias that will create a spectacular focal point.When deciding to add trees in your garden you must consider the size that they will achieve when mature as they will generally become the longest-lived garden plants that you will have in your garden. The shape and form of a tree are as important as its size.Although trees are most often valued for their architectural qualities, they also provide interest through their flowers, foliage, berries and bark. When planning to plant a tree choose its site so that its attractive characteristics are shown off to advantage.Even if your garden is one of the smallest there is still some space for a small tree. Of course you can have a small tree. Not all of the trees grow big. You can even have a tree in a container and place it on your terrace. The large variety of trees can suite every kind of garden.

Trees in Containers

In spaces where you cannot plant trees directly into the ground, like roof gardens, patios or courtyard gardens, you can grow trees in containers. This is the quickest way to create a well-established appearance, by adding height and structure to the design. Growing trees in large containers, like pots or tubs, will greatly extend their design potential.

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Willow Walls

Screens of living willow make excellent garden sculptures with the contrast between the lines of the stems and their exuberant and fresh young growth. Willow screens are in the same time functional items and sculptural features in your garden. The willow can also be used to create even more functional items for your garden beside screens. Use them to create seats, arbors and arches.

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Twisted willow

twisted willow branches image

Salix babylonica "Tortuosa" (also known as Salix matsudana "Tortuosa"), on its common name Twisted willow, Chinese Corkscrew willow or Dragon's Claw willow, is a fast growing, deciduous, very attractive tree with a highly ornamental value of the Salix family. It’s a fully hardy tree that can tolerate hard frosts but in the first years it might need some protection during very cold winters.

It looks wonderful growing beside a pond or as a specimen in border because of its architectural shape. It is also a highly ornamental plant with a winter interest, because of the winter branch pattern, specially against a light background. Its branches grow upwards in irregular spirals, contorted and twisted in all direction. Young shoots are usually used in flower arrangements.

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Syringa

syringa image

Syringa, also called lilac, is a genus of 20 species of deciduous, low growing trees, usually found in woodland from S.E. Europe and E. Asia. They are grown for their pyramidal or conical panicles of small, tubular flowers that appear from mid spring and are usually very flagrant. Their color vary from white, pink, red to magenta, lilac or even blue and can be simple or double. You can cut and bring indoor the lilac flowers, put them in a vase and enjoy the spreading of their flagrance all aver the house.

They will fit well in any type of garden, grown as a shrub border or as specimen trees. The bushy trees of lilac grow rapidly and quite upright and are fully hardy. Sometime, the late frosts may damage new growth but it will recover.

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Magnolias

magnolia image

Magnolias are one of the first trees who tell us that the winter is really gone with their fresh and vibrant flowers gracing the bare branches in spring. Magnolias are often described as the aristocrats of the plant world, with their showy, large, beautiful, solitary flowers, most of which have a delicate scent. Most Magnolias are valued for their showy, fragrant flowers, large glossy leaves and striking fruit.

Magnolias may be used as specimens, screens, patio trees, hedges, border accents and even container plants. Magnolias come in a wide variety of sizes, from small shrubs to large trees and can be semi-evergreen, evergreen or deciduous and have their flower colors range from pure white, white flushed and all kind of yellow to pink and purple. There is such a wide variety of form and size that they can be used in any king of garden.

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Arapaho Crape Myrtle

Arapaho Crape Myrtle

Arapaho Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica x faueri 'Arapaho')

'Arapaho' is the first hybrid Crape Myrtle cultivar derived from hybridization of three species of Lagerstroemia: L. indica, L. fauriei, and L. limii. The Arapaho Crape Myrtle was created especially to offer bright dark red flowers that last from spring to fall. It is also the most disease resistant Crape Myrtle available.

It is one of the best choices for your garden as it offers year-round interest with its glossy, dark green leaves, beautiful exfoliating bark and panicles of near true red flowers all over the summer. The blooms arise in giant clusters of dark red flowers all over this tree. Blooms begin in late spring and early summer and are persistent through the warm weather.

The fruits that develop after the flowering is finished are dark brown, and when mature, they dry and split to release disk-shaped seeds. The leaves have short petioles and have pointed, elliptic to oblong blades with rounded bases, usually 5 cm long. Crape Myrtles have an interesting bark that exfoliates in thin flakes in the autumn, exposing an attractive cinnamon or gray inner bark.

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Planting trees

The most important thing when you decide to plant trees in your garden is choosing the right place to plant them. Then you have to consider a good preparation of the site in advance, thing that will allow the soil to settle and will minimize the delay between buying and planting the tree.

Choose a well-drained site and a good position so that it does not cause an obstruction later. Remove turf and all other plant that grow on that site on a surface of three to four times the tree's root ball. This way you will eliminate competition for nutrients and water in the soil for the new planted tree. Then dig the soil and incorporate organic matter in the uppermost part.

Most trees require a depth of soil of 50 cm to 1 m in order to develop well, even some of them will be able to grow in less deep soils this may make them less stable and less drought-tolerant.

There are some other important things to consider before planting trees in your garden. The height of the tree when this will be mature and how large shade will it cast are important things to know. The position of the shade during the day and if this will be in your neighbor garden are also things to keep in mind. If you want to plant a tree near any boundary keep a distance from this of at least 2 m. Never plant a tree close to underground services or drainage pipes as there is always the danger that the ground will have to be excavated for access to the services.

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