Saturday , July 22 2017

Lawn

A healthy, well-maintained lawn is an attractive feature in the garden that also provides a clear area in which to walk, play and relax. In addition to ornamental and utility lawns, grass may be used to cover ground in other areas like sports or games lawns, in wild gardens, for wide paths and gently sloping banks.
After you decide what type and shape your lawn will have as well as where to site it, consider how it will link to the rest of the garden: other plants, features and the overall layout, so that it forms a continuous, unifying part of the design.
Grass is most commonly chosen for a lawn because it is hard-wearing and usually attractive all year, also some broadleaved plants, we can take for example chamomile (chamaemelum nobile) may be used to form lawns; however they should be considered primarily as ornamental, to be admired rather than extensively used, because they are less tolerant of wear than grass.

Lawn Routine Care

When deciding to have a lawn area in your garden you should consider that it needs regular maintenance to ensure its health and to keep its attractive appearance. The amount of attention required depends on the lawn size and type as well as the site and climate. Basic regular maintenance is mowing and watering, but you can help your lawn to be in good shape by fertilizing, top-dressing and aerating it and where necessary, controlling moss, weeds, pests and diseases. If your lawn area is a big one you should consider using mechanical or powered tools. These will to make your maintenance tasks easier and faster.

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Prepare the Lawn for Winter

Autumn is an important period of the year for your lawn. If the needing of mowing will stop once the colder days have come, your lawn still needs your attention to be kept in good condition. Clear any fallen leaves from your lawn as soon as possible otherwise the grass will turn yellow under them because the light can’t penetrate under them. Do not waste the leaves shed by deciduous trees and shrubs. Use them to make leafmold. For small quantities fill punctured black plastic sacks with moist leaves and tie the top to seal them in. tuck the bags out of the way and the leaves will rot down. For a crumbly leafmold suitable for use as a soil improver or planting mixture for next spring, mix a few handfuls of grass clippings in each sack. For larger quantities of fallen leaves you should make a special cage by driving four strong posts into the ground and wrapping chicken wire around them. Fill the cage with leaves and sprinkle them with water if they are too dry. Cover the top with a piece of carpet to weigh them down and encourage decomposition.

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Dealing with lawn problems

Many of us want at least a piece of lawn in their garden, but where a perfect lawn sets off the whole garden, a suffering lawn can make even the best-kept garden look neglected. You have to keep your lawn in a good shape in order to make it look its best and this means that you have to treat your lawn problems correctly and as soon as they are spotted because most of the problems will be quickly and easily cured this way.

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Lawn in Winter

In winter, keep clearing away any fallen leaves from the lawn by brushing or raking them up and removing them because a layer of leaves left on the lawn reduces evaporation and the resulting humidity can encourage turf diseases. If there is new growth, set the mower to winter cut …

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Lawn in Autumn

Lawn in autumn Image

Lawn in autumn ImageEarly autumn is the ideal time to sow a new lawn into soil prepared during the previous seasons. Doing this now will give a good start for the lawn in the spring. Be sure that the soil has been well firmed and allowed to settle before leveling. Seed maybe sown either by hand or by a machine.

First you need to calculate the amount of seed that you need for the area to be sown. Before sowing the seed, shake the container to mix the seeds and ensure that small seeds do not settle to the bottom and thus give an uneven distribution of grass types.

If sowing by hand first divide the area into small equal-sized sections using string and canes or pegs. This makes it easier to sow the seed evenly. Work on one section at a time scattering half the seed of a batch in one direction, then sowing the other half at right angles to this before moving on the next section.

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Lawn in Summer

Summer time is warm and the grass, like all the plants in the garden have a rapid growth, so a regular mowing, at least once a week is necessary for lawn to grow stronger or twice a week for a better finish on fine lawns. By this operation the grass is generating a lot of clippings that can be recycled by composting them or as a mulch around the trees and shrubs. For a nice edge of your lawn is necessary to trim the lawn edges at the same time as you mow. If the edges are getting damaged over the summer, repair them and patch up worn areas.

If weeds are starting to grow through the grass dig them out or spot-treat individual weeds to maintain your lawn weeds-free and to prevent them to spread and infest the whole grass area.

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Lawn in Spring

In early spring is still too early to start regular mowing, but if the weather is very mild and dry, you can try running the mower over the lawn with blades set high just to tidy its appearance.

As the weather warms up you can scarify lawn thoroughly, using a lawn rake. This operation will remove all the debris that accumulates at the soil surface, including moss. Where moss is too thick you can apply a chemical moss killer than rake out the dead moss. Bare patches can be re-seeded later in spring. To prevent moss accumulation, increase surface drainage by hollow spiking the lawn. Brush sharp sand or grit down into the hollow cores to produce drainage channels.

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Meadow Gardening

leucanthemum-vulgare image

If you are the lucky owner of a large garden and the idea of having a big area covered with lawn scares you but you still don’t want to leave the garden go wild than the right choice for you is a wild-flower meadow. This is an attractive and colorful feature that requires much less maintenance then a lawn and still looks good in a country-side or a city suburb garden. It is also a good choice for your garden or a part of your garden that is difficult to cultivate with flowers or vegetables because is too dry or has poor soil. Cultivating a wild-flower meadow also brings many benefits and plays a small part in the conservation of species that are threatened by the destruction of their natural habitats and attracts seed-eating birds, small mammals and insects into the garden.

There are plants suited for any type of soil, moisture levels, sun or shade, that you can use in order to cultivate a wild-flower meadow. When planning a meadow try to find the right plants, that will look natural and suit you type of garden, so you will not be forced to provide a high maintenance in order to keep them alive.

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Choose a Lawn

The traditional choice for a lawn is grass, but there are also other alternatives that fit better to the growing conditions that our gardens can offer. To keep a grass lawn in good shape it requires regular watering and a good soil.

Grass lawns
If your garden is that kind of garden that is able to provide good growing conditions for a grass lawn, and you choose to plant a grass lawn you have to think carefully about your lawn from a practical - to ease your mowing - but also a visual point of view. For a formal garden the best shape of a lawn is a geometric shape - circle, square, rectangle or hexagon. For a country garden or a garden with an informal style you can choose a lawn with broad curves and possibly inset island beds. For a cottage or wild-style garden choose meandering grass paths running through naturalistic borders.

To ease your mowing you can add hard paths or paved edgings to your lawn, those will also prevent overhanging plants in adjacent borders from smothering the grass and causing bare or yellow patches in your lawn.

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